Data and Statistics
Datasets & Statistics - What's the Difference?
Below is a visualization of the data set as statistics (percent of families receiving Temporary Cash Assistance [TANF] by neighborhood). Statistics are presented in an aggregate form already. This could be a table of frequencies, means, rates, charts or graphs. Statistics are information based on previously collected and analyzed data on which conclusions are drawn.
When you want to strengthen a point for a presentation or paper, you would use typically use available statistics or ones that you can easily create yourself (we have lots of table building tools). If you're planning to test a hypothesis, develop a comprehensive marketing strategy, assess the effect of a particular treatment - essentially anything that would require in-depth analysis - then you need a dataset. Just make sure that if you are using existing data or statistics (that you didn't collect yourself), that you check the authenticity of your sources and that you cite it according to proper conventions.
This guide is designed to help you find both statistics and datasets. Some of the resources provided are limited to the Johns Hopkins domain and will require you to log in with your JHED ID and password in order to use them. However, many data sources that are available from government agencies, think tanks, non-profits, etc. are open access. This guide is not exhaustive, but designed to provide you with a solid starting point on possible sources. If you are not finding what you are looking for, please email me for assistance (see the box on the left).