Copyright

Copyright basics for instructors, authors, and students.

In-Person Teaching

The very first section of 17 U.S. Code § 110 gives teachers broad exemption rights regarding copyright. Teachers are exempt from copyright if the following criteria are met:

  • teachers and students are face-to-face
  • in a classroom or other type of educational space
  • at a non-profit educational institution

In this situation you may display, read, or show any copyrighted material with your class. This includes excerpts from documentaries, films, books, articles, podcasts, etc.

Fair Use gives instructors the ability to make multiple copies of copyrighted materials (aka handouts) for class use. The text of the law states that "education (including multiple copies for classroom use)" is a Fair Use of copyrighted material. This means you can share print copies of copyrighted materials in the classroom.

Teachers can share copyrighted materials with their students in learning management systems like Blackboard if the provisions in 17 U.S. Code § 110(2) are met. These include:

  • the material is necessary to the instruction that is taking place
  • the material is shared only with the students enrolled in the class (course management systems ensure this through password protection)

This means you must have an explicit instructional reason for using any kinds of digital files (PDF, video, audio, or other multimedia) in your class. Providing those files through Blackboard or similar management system ensures that only your class members can see the material.

Multimedia in the classroom is simple, because it is specifically allowed by law. Locating copyright-free multimedia resources for class use can be difficult. Several large sites like Flickr and Google Images offer the ability to limit a search by license, allowing you to find resources that are available for educational and reuse purposes. Other library guides offer more resources

Finding content that allows reuse through an appropriate Creative Commons license or is in the Public Domain is the best option. If you have to use copyrighted material, be sure that what you use directly supports an instructional purpose and that you use no more than required.

Reserve Services at MSE Library will help you with both your digital and print course readings.

Questions about using digital files for teaching that aren't course readings can go to your librarian, the Center for Educational Resources, or Robin Sinn.

 

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Online Teaching

Teachers can share copyrighted digital materials (sometimes called mulitmedia) with their students in learning management systems like Blackboard if the provisions in 17 U.S. Code § 110(2) are met. These include:

  • the material is necessary to the instruction that is taking place
  • the material is shared only with the students enrolled in the class (course management systems ensure this through password protection)
  • the material is not available once the course is finished

This means you must have an explicit instructional reason for using any kinds of digital files (PDF, video, audio, other multimedia) in your class. Providing those files through Blackboard or similar management system ensures that only your class members can see the material and the material is unavailable once the course is finished.

Reserve Services at MSE Library will help you with both your digital and print course readings.

Questions about using digital files for teaching that aren't course readings can go to your librarian, the Center for Educational Resources, or Robin Sinn.

Locating copyright-free multimedia resources for class use can be difficult. Several large sites like Flickr and Google Images offer the ability to limit a search by license, allowing you to find resources that are available for educational and reuse purposes. Other library guides offer more resources

Finding content that allows reuse through an appropriate Creative Commons license or is in the Public Domain is the best option. If you have to use copyrighted material, be sure that what you use directly supports an instructional purpose and that you use no more than required.

Questions about locating and using digital multimedia for teaching can go to your librarian, the Center for Educational Resources, or Robin Sinn.

 

 

 

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For Your Students

Students need to learn something about copyright so they understand why they need to cite. Library resources that students can refer to for quick pointers include:

 

 

Librarians created an online course titled Avoiding Plagiarism at JHU. Students can access it through the MyLearning site, which is located in the Education section of the JHU Portal. The course includes seven modules, with pre- and post-tests. The objectives are

  • Identify a definition of plagiarism
  • Recognize examples of plagiarism
  • Determine methods of avoiding plagiarism
  • Analyze why students plagiarize
  • Evaluate the context and impact of plagiarism

 

 

The Center for Educational Resources (CER) manages a license to Turnitin, a plagiarism detection software, for the Krieger School of Arts & Sciences and the Whiting School of Engineering. See this page for information about accessing and using Turnitin.

Course requirements often place students' work online, in a publicly accessible fashion. When this happens, copyright needs to be followed and attributions should be made.

If students collaborate with others or with faculty, best practices are emerging to protect their intellectual property and their privacy. Two examples are

The publication and sharing properties of the web make authorship, attribution, and the reuse of material tricky propositions. Feel free to reach out to the library for discussion of these topics.

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