Historical Primary Sources

Information on primary sources--what they are, how to find them, and how to use and cite them.

Primary Sources at Johns Hopkins

What are primary sources? Primary sources are the raw material of history.

They provide direct or firsthand evidence for your research topic or question. Typically, primary sources were created by individuals who witnessed or participated in the event or period you are studying.

Primary sources can be found in all of the Johns Hopkins University Libraries and museums. You can use this guide to identify collections, explore sources in various formats, or learn more about finding and citing primary sources.

click for formats and typesclick to go to find sources

» For information on citing primary sources, visit the citation tips page.