Citing Sources

Learn about frequently-used citation styles and citation tools.

More Styles

Here are ACM templates for references and for in-text citations (as of January 2020).

  • This page also has a link to BibTex example
  • In RefWorks, every ACM journal and conference proceeding us listed. Click "Create bibliography" (on top), and enter ACM in the box, then scroll down to the publication whose style you want to use:


The American Chemical Society (ACS) has online information about its style.

The latest edition is the 11th (2019) [online].

Some quick tips:



The latest edition of the ASA Style Guide is the 7th edition (2022), which we do not have in any format.

The Council of Science Editors has its own writing and publication style.

  • The library owns the latest edition (8th ed., 2014) in print

The style known as "Vancouver" was created by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). It is used by many biomedical journals including Annals of Internal Medicine, British Medical Journal (BMJ), JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association), and New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM).

Here are the organization's guidelines for preparing a manuscript for submission.
In the References section of that page, there is a lot of guidance, including

Some journals use variations on Vancouver style. For style points that vary -- e.g., whether to cite electronic references within parentheses in the text or in numbered references following the text -- you should consult the specific journal to which you plan to submit your manuscript.