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Citing Sources

Learn about frequently-used citation styles and citation tools.

Citing Other Things

How do you cite an interview, something from social media, or a public web page?

  • Please check this guide's pages for APA, MLA, Chicago, and More Styles. They will give examples of how to cite things that are not books or journal articles.

Here are some tips:

APA Style
  • Choose "Sample References" (top of the page, as shown below)
  • These pages list things alphabetically. As shown below, the last page of the list has examples of kinds of web pages, They don't include government web pages, but choose the closest example shown, and then add the missing pieces
  • APA style:  Smith, I. (1988.) U.S. Patent No. 123,445. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
  • Patents in Chicago style

Items from NCBI/PubMed (excluding articles):