Biomedical Engineering and Design

Information specific to BME and BME/CBID design teams.

Writing, Citing, and Copyright

Clear writing with complete and correct citations is crucial, and something you will need throughout your life.

On this guide:

  • Avoiding plagiarism

  • Citing sources

  • Copyright

  • Evaluating information

  • Literature reviews and annotating

  • RefWorks (citation manager supported by JHU)

See also:

  • Writing guide

  • ORCID ( -- Easily create this identifying number for yourself, so that readers can find you and your publications. (Note: the spelling is ORCID, not "orchid.")

  • Retraction Watch -- This site keeps track of papers that have been retracted, and why

For Writing Help

           (Note: Neither of these places will proofread your work.)